Here is what a four year old should know

I know it’s human nature to want to know how our children compare to others and we want to make sure we are doing all we can for them.

So here is a list of what children are typically taught or should know by the end of each year of school, starting with preschool.

Print out the lists and check to see if there’s anything glaringly absent
in what my kids know

Reading is single biggest contributor to academic success. Some experts say that child should read about 100 books before they enter preschool. So how is this possible? Mum or Dad taking the time every day or night (or both!) to sit and read them wonderful books.

Reading aloud stimulates the imagination, enriches the vocabulary and exposes the child to different experiences.

Our children deserve to be surrounded by books, nature, art supplies and the freedom to explore them.

They need to have the freedom to explore with these things,

to play with scoops of dried beans in the high chair (supervised, of course),

to knead bread and make a mess,

to use paint and play dough and glitter at the kitchen table while we make dinner even though it gets everywhere,

to have a spot in the garden where it’s absolutely fine to dig up all the grass and make a mud pit.


It’s human nature to want to know how our children compare to others and to want to make sure we’re doing all we can for them. Here is a list of what children are typically taught or should know by the end of each year of school, starting with preschool.

Kids will learn whatever they’re exposed to

What a four-year-old should know

So here, I offer a list of what a four-year-old should know.

  • They should know that they are loved wholly and unconditionally, all of the time.
  • They should know that they are safe and they should know how to keep themselves safe in public, with others, and in varied situations.
  • They should know that they can trust their instincts about people and that they never have to do something that doesn’t feel right, no matter who is asking.
  • They should know their personal rights and that their family will back them up.
  • They should know how to laugh, act silly, be goofy and use their imagination.
  • They should know that it is always OK to paint the sky orange and give cats six legs.
  • They should know their own interests and be encouraged to follow them.

If they couldn’t care less about learning numbers, their parents should realise they’ll learn them accidentally soon enough and let them immerse themself instead in rocket ships, drawing, dinosaurs or playing in the mud.

  • They should know that the world is magical and that so are they.

They should know that they’re wonderful, brilliant, creative, compassionate and marvellous.

  • They should know that it’s just as worthy to spend the day outside making daisy chains, mud pies and fairy houses as it is to practise phonics. Scratch that– way more worthy.

They need fathers who sit and listen to their days, mothers who join in and make crafts with them, parents who take the time to read them stories and act like idiots with them.

Welcome to Education for the 21st Century

21st-century skills generally refer to certain core competencies such as collaboration, digital literacy, critical thinking, and problem-solving.

Reading and writing proficiencies is at the head of developing core competency. This in turn leads to intellectual, personal, and social and emotional proficiencies that all students need to develop in order to engage in deep learning and life-long learning.

These are skills that children need to thrive in a modern world.  They must develop strong critical thinking and interpersonal communication skills in order to successfully integrate in an interconnected and complex world.

Students demonstrate the three Rs, but also the three Cs:
creativity, communication, and collaboration.

Technology allows for 24/7 access to information, constant social interaction, and easily created and shared digital content.

OUR DIGITAL INTERACTIVE GAMES and using technology productively

From an increasing early age children are exposed to technology via tablets and smart phones. They should be comfortable to use these tools to access information and have language skills to interact in a digital social environment, Through simple games learners are exposed to technology and through simple coding they can learn to manipulate these programmes and devices.

The opportunities afforded by technology should be used to re-imagine 21st-century education, focusing on preparing students to be learners for life.

Virtual tools and open-source software create borderless learning territories for students of all ages, anytime and anywhere. It takes them where their interest lies.


In a nutshell our teaching revolves around reading and comprehension and developing a rich vocabulary for deep understanding and competent expression and communication.

Mathematics and Number Sense

Developing an understanding of numbers and manipulation of these numbers.

These two core subjects develops understanding and reasoning

Life Skills are the interpersonal relations;
taught and applied correctly starting with the self

Core competencies for teachers defined:

Education for the 21st Century