Preparing students for a future that they haven’t imagined.
Where will your experience take you today?
Digital learning is teaching that uses technology to improve a student’s learning experience. The emphasis is on high-quality instruction and provides challenging content. The student is assessed constantly and unobtrusively and feedback through formative assessment is almost instant.
With modern Digital Learning learning is anytime and anywhere. Students can be taught individually to ensure they achieve full potential. Through such choices the student is led to discovering her / his own interest.
Digital learning is personal learning. It increases access to quality education. It provides learning that places the student at the centre. Through repetition it increases the students response time. The student is only challenged by her / himself. The criteria are only set against him /herself.
The student creates a time and the opportunity to learn. When and what they learn and nurtures a lifetime of education through a journey of self-discovery. It opens a world of education unrestricted by the four walls of a conventional classroom.
After All, Man will be judged by his character
Thus, the focus on the importance of the values, which include respect, kindness, courtesy, consideration, confidence, humility and learning to be givers, not takers, must not be lost.
critical periods for a child’s development occurs around age 2. What children’s experiences in this phase have lasting effects on their development
Reading time: 7min30sec.
There is electricity in the brain
Children are born with almost a full quota of neurons – white spaces (blanks) – in the brain. Through experience these spaces are connected to increase mental development. From birth to age 5, a child’s brain develops more than at any other time in life. And early brain development has a lasting impact on a child’s ability to learn and succeed in school and life. The quality of a child’s experiences in the first few years of life – positive or negative – helps shape how their brain develops.
This EXTRACT is taken from: “Benefits of reading to your child”
Children’s brains develop in spurts called critical periods. The first occurs around age2, with a second one occurring during adolescence.
At the start of this period (two-year-olds), the number of connections (synapses) between brain cells (neurons) doubles. The connections between brain cells are where learning occurs, twice as many synapses enable the brain to learn faster than at any other time of life. What children’s experiences in this phase have lasting effects on their development.
It also provides a prime opportunity to lay the foundation for a holistic education for children.
Here are four ways to maximize learning during this period:
encouraging a love of learning,
focusing on breadth instead of depth,
paying attention to emotional intelligence, and
do not treat a young child’s education as merely a precursor to “real” learning (play school).
ENCOURAGE A LOVE OF LEARNING
Instead of focusing on performance, Young children need to enjoy the process of learning. Educators and parents can emphasize the joys of trying new activities and learning something novel.
This period is also the time to establish a growth mindset. Talents and abilities are developed through effort instead of being naturally fixed.
Educators should avoid labeling children or making universal statements about their ability like “You’re so smart” these are counterproductive. Instead, emphasize perseverance. Children will learn to love learning if we show enthusiasm over the process. Do not fixate on results.[i]
FOCUS ON BREADTH, NOT DEPTH
Expose children to a wide variety of activities. It is a time to develop skills in a range of fields. Engage children in music, reading, sports, math, art, science, and languages.
Avoid focusing on results during this phase of development as to emphasize the breadth of skill development over depth.
People who thrive in our rapidly changing world are those who first learn how and then draw from multiple fields. They think creatively and abstractly – this forms well-rounded individuals.
Well-roundedness is especially important for children from ages 2 to 7. Their developing brains are ready to soak in a wide range of skill sets. DON’T OVERLOOK EMOTIONAL INTELLIGENCE
Yes, we want children to read well and learn the fundamentals of math. But we should not disregard emotional intelligence. The advantages of learning during this first critical period of brain development should extend to interpersonal skills such as kindness, empathy, and teamwork.
Empathy begins with acknowledging one’s feelings. Therefore help children label their emotions (“I feel sad”) and then tell the story about what made them feel that way (“I feel sad because I wanted ice cream and you said no”). Once children practice labeling emotions, educators can start asking questions that encourage them to consider others’ feelings.
One way to encourage care for others is to include children in what adults do for others. Even allowing young children to help with chores can make them more helpful and considerate people.
DON’T TREAT YOUNG CHILDREN’S EDUCATION AS MERELY A PRECURSOR TO “REAL” LEARNING
Children’s brains can uniquely absorb information during this critical phase.
Research shows that children in this age range are best suited to learn the patterns of language development, enabling them to master a second language to the same level as a native language. However, once children reach age 8, their language learning proficiency decreases, and second languages are not spoken as well as native ones. The same age effect is found when learning musical ability such as perfect pitch.
It is tempting to think of early childhood education as a precursor to “real” education. But these may be the years that matter most.
From preconception through the formative early years it is essential to safeguard and maximize children’s developmental outcomes
This introduction to reading will investigate:
innate nature and personality
Early Childhood Development (ECD)
فطرة – Fitra” or “fitrah”
(Arabic), is the state of purity and
innocence and a natural disposition
Many of these traits can be observed in young children.
Children are often referred to as innocent – meaning they are naive, harmless, guiltless or blameless etc. So how and when do any changes in their natural disposition occur? These changes occur after exposure.
Now we may ask: Are all children not the same?
A child is a composite human being, inheriting
characteristics from the mother, father and some features that are unique to
itself. Then these characteristics are manipulated through exposure. This
exposure occurs prenatal and after birth.
meaning “to do beautiful things”
It is a matter of
taking one’s inner faith and showing it in both deed and action, a sense of
social responsibility borne from religious convictions.
During the second month this
neural tube begins to differentiate into brain cells and nerve cells. The
brain cells transform into recognizable brain structures. The most notable is
the outer layer called the cerebral cortex.
By the third month the embryo
display reflexes and also reacts to its environment.
At the end of the first trimester,
hormones are released that will determine whether development will continue
to occur as male or female.
By the fifth month, the foetus is
learning to control its reactions to these sensory sensations and to control
By six months the brain becomes fully
developed. Even though the brain has not reached its full size, most of the
neurons (nerve cell) within the central nervous system are present. These
nerve cells conduct electrical impulses (i.e. send messages).Significantly it is during this period that
the foetus begins to prepare itself for the outside world. The foetus can
experience sensory sensations such as sound, taste, and smells. The ability to consciously react to sensory
sensations becomes even stronger during the sixth month. During the sixth month, another major mark of
brain development occurs; the cerebral cortex splits into two separate
hemispheres. Some researchers believe that, at this stage,
the foetus develops the ability to remember.
At birth 80 percent of the brain is developed and consist of 100 billion neurons or brain cells.
This means that during every minute of the pregnancy period at
least 250,000 brain cells are created!
Because of this rapid pace of development, proper prenatal care
is essential to the development of an unborn child’s brain.
During this process i.e. during the prenatal and postnatal,
the child is being prepared for the world around it and evidently the child
will be what the parent exposes it to.
Early Childhood Development
ECD is the net result of ongoing interactions between
biology of children and environments
The early years are critical, because this is the period in
life when the brain develops most rapidly and has a high capacity for change,
and the foundation is laid for health and wellbeing throughout life.
care is provided in a stable environment,
being sensitive to children’s health and
providing protection from threats,
providing opportunities for early learning, and
interactions that are responsive, emotionally supportive and developmentally stimulating.
stable, responsive, and nurturing caregiving;
safe, supportive, environments;
and protection from violence, neglect and abuse.
This is what is at the heart of children’s potential to develop
Why is there so much emphasis on ECD?
From preconception through the formative early years it is essential
to safeguard and maximize children’s developmental outcomes
recognize and work with the sounds of spoken language
Cognitive – relating to, being, or involving conscious
intellectual activity (such as thinking, reasoning, or remembering
[i] In Islam, ihsan is the Muslim responsibility to obtain
perfection, or excellence, in worship, such that Muslims try to worship God as
if they see him, and although they cannot see him, they undoubtedly believe
that He is constantly watching over them. That definition comes from the Hadith
of Gabriel in which Muhammad states, “[Ihsan is] to worship God as though
you see Him, and if you cannot see Him, then indeed He sees you”.
(Al-Bukhari and Al-Muslim)
Whether you believe it or not or whether you like
it or not the future is going to disrupt your life. This means that we are
definitely going to do things differently. This revolution has already started,
and it is driven by AI – Artificial Intelligence. Through our smartphones and Apps
we have readily accepted these changes.
Remember these terms
Artificial Intelligence AI and Machine Learning ML and Algorithms
So what is AI?
AI is (a science of) Computers emulating humans and ML – Machine learning is the method behind how machines learn from data
What does artificial intelligence do?
Artificial intelligence – or AI for short – is technology that enables a computer to think
or act in a more ‘human’ way. It does this by taking in
information from its surroundings and deciding how to respond based on what it
learns or senses.
What can artificial intelligence be used for?
Artificial intelligence, or AI, is
the use of computer science programming to imitate human
thought and action by analyzing data and surroundings, solving or anticipating
problems and learning or self-teaching to adapt to a variety of tasks.
Artificial intelligence in business
of AI in business management include:
Throwing out the junk from your emails
smart email categorisation
voice to text features
smart personal assistants, such as Siri, Cortana and
automated responders and online customer support
sales and business forecasting
smart devices that adjust according to behaviour
automated insights, especially for data-driven industries
(eg financial services or e-commerce)
Artificial intelligence in e-commerce
in e-commerce can be evident in:
smart searches and relevance features
personalisation as a service – telling you what you can find in your area including where to buy those things that you like and what is the best prices
product recommendations and purchase predictions
fraud detection and prevention for online transactions
dynamic price optimisation
Here is a real Life example of the application of
Algorhithms in Artificial intelligence AI and the need for continues education.
It is taken from a book by Emily Guendelsberger, author of the new book, “On
Algorithms are Changing Low-Wage Work…
Big-name restaurant chains, like McDonalds and Chipotle, have started to offer free or subsidized college education options to their workers. The idea is that this can help those employers recruit and retain workers by offering educational benefits, and also offer them a path to more lucrative careers.
But there is a price to pay
and how well do these new benefits work in practice? What kinds of people do they best serve?
The author of the book spent at least a month working three different low-wage jobs—at a McDonalds restaurant, an Amazon warehouse, and at a customer-service call center. The culture she saw at these jobs was very different from what she remembers 20 years ago when she scooped ice cream for minimum wage as a teenager.
She describes what she experienced as “cyborg jobs,” meaning
they often treat employees more like robots than people. One example, she says
is that many service jobs now use algorithms to schedule when employees work,
and the machine often isn’t shy about handing out assignments that she sees as
Consider what workers call a “clopen,”
Clopens or computerized work schedules. It is one of the most challenging things for many low-wage workers these days. You don’t have a regular schedule anymore. Your schedule is set by an algorithm that sort of analyzes what they think the demand is going to be that day, They use data from the previous year and the previous month.
But if it’s a computer that tells you, “Oh yeah, this is the
schedule.” It just prints out and you’re really not sure how it came up
with that… then it sort of erases culpability.”
However, if you’re using the data from the previous week it means giving people are given a schedule the day before.There’s no predictability, which is incredibly hard if you’re trying to plan anything in your life whatsoever, especially having kids.”
The algorithms are used to try to keep staffing levels as low as possible, which means more hectic days for workers—and more stress.
In this series we try to focus on “new Jobs” of the 21st Century
Ricardo Hausmann, director of Harvard’s Centre for International Development and a Centre senior fellow, pointed out:
How mechanization has reduced the work force
The diminishing role of manufacturing in job creation means we must look to new pathways for moving people from poverty to prosperity.
As technological innovation transforms our economies, workers all
over the world are doing whatever it takes to change their conditions. Whether
crossing borders, changing jobs, or starting businesses – for a chance to
Yet workers in transition are often highly vulnerable. What will
it take to safeguard workers in the labour market of the future?
In the not-too-distant past, most workers were employed in the
same industry – often at the same company – for most of their careers.
But today, nearly 40% of employed people in the European Union are in atypical employment or self-employed. They are not working under a full-time, open-ended contract. On the other hand, the average worker in American today will hold 11 jobs over their lifetime, with many working multiple jobs at once.
HOW THE FUTURE CAN POSSIBLY PAN OUT?
As living conditions improve Life Expectancy will increase – people may live longer
With the rapid development of Artificial Intelligence (AI),Internet of Things (IOT) and Robotics technological innovation will transform our economies
many people will be working multiple jobs at once
There will no longer be standard contracts
life-long learning will be the norm
‘Technology will continue to substitute workers‘
It is not clear to what extent technology will continue to substitute workers in both routine manual and cognitive tasks as ever more capable robotics and algorithms amplified by artificial intelligence develop. The impacts of this, on employment and income will be, uneven sectors, workers, communities and nations.
Laura Tyson, distinguished professor of the Hass Business School, University of California, Berkeley and a senior fellow with the Centre, said,
“The resultant dislocation and transition costs associated with technological changes have fallen unevenly on sectors, workers, communities and nations.”
In this context, advancing inclusive growth is a precondition for the future of work.
Manufacturing jobs have been particularly hard-hit by technology. In the United States, people employed in manufacturing have fallen by about two-thirds in the last 50 years. This was mostly caused by technological changes as opposed to trade and globalization.
Since 1999 the US lost a total of 5 million manufacturing job
Source: US Bureau of Labour Statistics
training – training and retraining
The Effect of Technology
Men without a college degree have also been unduly affected.
In 1964, 36.6 percent of U.S. men without a college
education were employed in manufacturing. By 2014, that share was down to 10.1
percent. For these men, manufacturing was their best chance of earning a
middle-class income and thus, its collapse was devastating.
New technologies typically increase demand for skilled
workers while substituting the unskilled. At the same time, new technologies
increase productivity. A more productive economy means higher income in the
aggregate, which generates more demand for goods and services in the economy,
leading to stronger job creation. In this context, even automation would create
more jobs for people.
Again the emphasis is on skills. This in turn points to upskilling of workers and life time learning. The 4IR is pointing to the rapid change in technology. The effect of 5G hasn’t been measured. All that we know for certain is that IoT is showing a upward growth trajectory.
Manufacturing has been the chief employment sector firstly in western countries secondly in East and Southeast Asia and most recently China. But it obvious from the graph above that jobs in manufacturing is not sustainable
Inclusive growth is imperative
The diminishing role of manufacturing in job creation in
developing countries means that their vast numbers of underemployed and
unemployed will have to struggle a lot harder for a job that pays a living
wage. This will make poverty alleviation more difficult. Thus, while the
current shock wave of technological changes has worsened inequality in many
developed countries, it is simultaneously making it harder to reduce inequality
in the developing world.
Inclusive growth has always been important, but it is now more important than ever. In a world where technological changes are rapidly and continuously reinventing how work is being done, workers need to reinvent themselves to stay productive and relevant. They cannot do so without inclusive growth.
Simply put reinventing means life time learning and training and re training
Ricardo Hausmann, director of Harvard’s Centre for International Development and a Centre senior fellow, pointed out,
“Over the course of history, it has always been easier to think about jobs that are disappearing than to imagine new jobs that will be created by the new technological possibilities.”
Advancing inclusive growth means focusing on the new possibilities. Whether in Johannesburg, Mumbai, or indeed, Janesville, it is nothing less than a precondition for the future of work for all, not just the lucky few.
A computer game is defined as such because the activity
is interactive and
rewarding (gives feedback).
The gaming activities must offer the user the options to
choose or define and then observe the newly created sequence.
We describe computer games as being interactive based on a
set of agreed rules[i]
and directed toward a clear goal that is often set by a challenge[iii].
In addition, games constantly provide feedback, either as a score or as changes
in the game world, to enable players to monitor their progress toward the goal[iv].
In speaking of a serious (computer) game, we mean that the objective of the
computer game is not to entertain the player, which would be an added value,
but to use the entertaining quality for training, education, health, public
policy, and strategic communication objectives[v].
Is Digital Game-Based Learning the Future of Learning?
Parents are confused when their child, who cannot multiply
improper fractions can explain how to defeat a video game Boss in one sitting.
The explanation here is very simple:
Digital game-based learning (DGBL), is a motivational,
challenging, and rewarding process that can be fun.
Next, we ask what is Game-Based Learning?
Game-based learning is an effective, interactive experience
that motivates active participate in the learning process.
How does it work?
Game-based learning involves the use of computer smart
device and video games to produce learning outcomes. It is designed to balance
subject matter and gameplay. It also assesses the learner. It checks the learner’s
ability to retain and apply acquired knowledge in a real-world scenarios.
An effective game-based learning environment helps learners
work toward a goal while choosing actions (pathways) and the learner experience
the consequences of those decisions first-hand.
Here is the interesting part: While players (learners) make
mistakes, the risk-free setting of a game environment allows failures to become
challenges, which then drives them to revise their actions until they arrive at
the correct way of doing things. There are hardly embarrassing moments in this
This makes the activity more engaging until the learning
objective is fulfilled.
Is Digital Game-Based Learning Effective?
Extensive research has been done on DGBL. Richard Van Eck of
the University of North Dakota said that several reviews of the literature on
gaming over the last 40 years find that digital game-based learning generally has positive effects.
Referring to the principle of situated cognition, Van Eck
states that games are effective partly because
the learning takes place within a meaningful
The subject matter is directly related to the
environment in which learners/players learn.
As such, the knowledge gained is not only
relevant but applied and practiced within that context.
DGBL is a primary mechanism of learning and socialization through
play. This is common to all human cultures and starts informally from a very
young age. Hence humans as well as a number of animal groups learn in this
manner. A lion learns to hunt through modelling and play, not through direct
instruction, which is the same principle employed in a game-based instructional
The following elements of digital game-based learning add to
its appeal as an effective educational tool:
The competitive elements of a game are generally not found
in traditional learning methods or during classroom lectures or discussions.
Competition provides motivation to learners/players to engage and finish an
activity. It doesn’t need to be against another participant. It could be an
attempt to bag get the highest score possible or outdoing one’s self every
Games that are fun to play significantly improve learning
performance. When learners have fun, the learning pressure dissipates, allowing
them to freely define and modify their strategies according to a specific goal.
Rewards aid in the learning process by keeping the
participant invested and coming back for more. This fosters a continuous
learning process for the learner/player, as each learning objective is tied to
a series of challenges. Goals and their corresponding rewards can be built in
stages and set according to difficulty.
Immediate Reinforcement and Feedback.
Research on learning and behaviour shows that learners learn
faster when there’s a shorter interval between behaviour and reinforcer.
It would be less discouraging for learners to learn their
mistakes right away than seeing a red mark on paper assessments a few days
later. Feedback in a game context is instantaneous and scoring can be
standardized to allow comparisons.
Criticisms of Digital Game-Based Learning
While positive claims have been made about using games as
educational tools, some question its viability as well. There are those who
argue that research has been slow to provide hard empirical evidence on its
Among the negatives that are associated with games and
technology in general is that
it promotes isolation and anti-social behaviour, and
it results in short attention span.
However, the anti-social behaviour element might not, as
more and more games are developed for social play. While some games do not
allow face-to-face interactions, they mirror real-world communication that
could prove useful in personal and business transactions.
Others argue that implementing either a fully digital
game-based curriculum or even one that relies heavily on games requires
additional equipment, software, and training of teachers, thus increasing
Some believe that playing games distract learners from
attaining other valuable skills.
Is Digital Game-Based Learning Here to Stay?
There are debates on whether or not digital game-based
learning will prevail in the next 10 years or so, but it cannot be denied that
it is thriving. Based on the figures released by Ambient Insight, the game-based
global market reached $1.5 billion in 2012 and is expected to grow to $2.3
billion in 2017, a compound annual growth rate of 8.3%.
Educators can take advantage of the multiple learning
scenarios it presents to engage their audience.
They are able to do simple
retells and to notice words
Reading development begins with the social interaction
that develops between you and your child as you share books with them. Spend 5
to 10 minutes reading to your child each day.
5-6 YEAR OLDS
They learn their name
recognition and let them copy it.
They learn letters and sounds.
They learn the concept of print
CONCEPT OF PRINT
They should become confident handling
books. A concept of print is referring to;
holding the book correctly,
identifying the title text,
understanding that the front
cover or the title page tell us what the story will be about and
they also learn directionality
Learning LETTERS versus WORDS versus
Learning LETTERS versus WORDS versus SENTENCES
They will learn that letters form words and
words string together to form sentences.
Teachers may describe the first words your
child learns to read as CVC words. Your child will learn to hear and identify
each single sound. Then pull the sounds apart then slide them back together
again. This skill helps with learning to write and spell words. Your child is
not yet able to tell how many syllables (make a word list with two and more
syllable words) a word has, but they can clap the number of sounds they hear in
a word. Clapping games at home help them to practice this skill.
are developing their comprehension skills at this time. There are six main
comprehension strategies that can be taught from an early age.
Making connections that are
linking what they read (or have read to them) to what they already know about
predicting – Using the information in the text to guess what will happen next.
visualizing- Being able to make a picture in their mind about what is happening
in the story. (distinguishing between fact and fiction)
monitoring- Knowing when a word sounds wrong or when a word doesn’t make
summarizing- Children can explain what they have read or heard in 1 or 2
Although the article is focused on South Africa it is equally relevant for most countries in the world
The headlines scream:
Africa is the most unequal country in the world.
A 2018 World Bank report on poverty and inequality in South Africa found that, in many ways, the legacy of apartheid endures. Previously disadvantaged South Africans hold fewer assets, have fewer skills, earn lower wages, and are still more likely to be unemployed, .
inequities are mirrored in the education system, where 20% of schools are
broadly functional, and 80% are mostly dysfunctional. The life chances of
the average South African child are determined not by their ability, hard work
or diligence, but
by the colour of their
the province of their
the wealth of their
“The reality is so deterministic that before a child’s seventh birthday one can predict with some precision whether they will inherit a life of chronic poverty and sustained unemployment, or a dignified life and meaningful work.”
So how can we make a difference? How can we turn this around?
“We are witnessing a process unfolding where an unjustifiable and illegitimate racial education system (apartheid) morphs and evolves into one that is more justifiable and somewhat nonracial, all the while accommodating a small privileged class of South Africans who are not bound to the shared fate of their fellow citizens.”
Today black and coloured learners make up 60% of those attending former whites-only fee-charging schools. Thus, a small, separate and functional school system that was created to privilege one section of the population and exclude others has remained intact. But the discriminating principle has morphed over time from ….
race to fees
So what is wrong with our school system?
We read all the time about learners not being able to read and worst, not being able to comprehend. One intellectual research paper follows another, just to prove a point that we already know. Where is a proposal to remedy the situation?
In my capacity as a principal I was confronted by distraught
and resigned parent who spoke very poor English. He handed me his child’s
report card. When I looked at it, I saw that the child had done extremely bad in
the exam. With an equally distraught face I looked at him and declared: Your
child has done very poorly. His simply replied ….
YES principal, I pay my school fees diligently. I caught my breath for a while trying to digest his response. Suddenly I realized that his, was and answer of resignation. It said: Yes, I send my child to school because I do not have the ability to assist him or her.
No one can stop the 4IR and the digital future. But should resources not be equally focused on teaching children to read as it is focused on IT and Coding. Yes, the new curriculum will mostly benefit the 20 percent while the 80 percent that cannot comprehend need to read first in order to benefit from the 4IR future. In the end the gulf between the rich and poor will be greater. This is the reality of ignoring the future.
Here are some sad fact:
Educators are not adequately prepared to teach PHONICS – the corner stone of reading. Or there is not enough emphasis on PHONIC teaching
Children are not stimulated / enriched through story telling in the formative years
Gross motor development is a byword in education
I conclude by saying with certainty that the challenge to fix the education system is beyond the politicians.
Statistic Quoted from NEWS 24 -https://www.businesslive.co.za/fm/features/2019-10-24-sas-schooling-system-not-making-the-grade/
Are you ready for tomorrow—no matter what tomorrow brings?
The Human Touch
In a world filled with Artificial Intelligence, human
contact and the personal touch will be more critical and sought after than ever
– Technology will free up time for hotel staff to focus on what matters most:
helping guests to connect with one another and building memorable moments.
Only businesses that are inherently responsible will survive
the next century. Sustainability will be baked into everything about a hotel’s
design – from weather-proofed domes, to buildings made from ocean-dredged
Hotels will act as the Town Hall of any community, managing
local resources and contributing to the areas they serve with community-tended
insect farms and vertical hydroponic crop gardens.
Our diets will include more plant-based recipes and some
surprising sources of protein – Beetle Bolognese, Plankton Pies and Seaweed
Green Velvet Cake will be menu staples! –
Decadent 3D-printed dinners and room service will provide
unrivalled plate personalisation. Chefs will be provided with biometric data
for each guest, automatically creating meals based on preferences and nutritional
Offline will be the new luxury as we seek to find moments of
tech-free time “Since its inception in 1919, Hilton has pioneered the
hospitality industry, introducing first-to-market concepts such as
air-conditioning and in-room televisions.
Outswim a virtual sea turtle in the pool, or challenge
yourself to climb the digital face of Mount Everest, your exercise routine will
be as unique as you are. What’s more, exercise energy generated from workouts
will be used to power the hotel, providing a zero-impact, circular system.
Guests could even earn rewards based on reaching workout
targets. Pick up where you left off with trackable workouts and holographic
Last year, Hilton also became the first hospitality company
to set science-based targets to reduce its environmental impact,” said Simon
Vincent, EVP & President, EMEA, Hilton.
“We enter our second century with the same commitment to
innovation, harnessing the power of our people and technology to respond to
guest demands. Our research paints an exciting future for the hospitality
industry, highlighting the growing importance of human interaction in an
increasingly tech-centric world.”
Futurologist Gerd Leonhard says, “In 2119 we will still be
searching for unique experiences, but they will be more personalised than ever.
As technology shapes our lives we will seek out moments of offline connection
with others, including hotel team members who will help us truly get what we
need from our stays. 100 years from now hotels will have to create
opportunities to converse, collaborate and connect, delivering moments that
matter, individually, to each and every guest.”
Up next: the threats posed by the fourth
education system is considered one of the best in the world. In international
ratings, it’s always in the top ten. However, the authorities there aren’t
ready to rest on their laurels, and they’ve decided to carry through a real
revolution in their school system.
Finnish officials want to remove
school subjects from the curriculum. There will no longer be any classes in
physics, math, literature, history, or geography.
The head of the Department of
Education in Helsinki, Marjo Kyllonen, explained the changes:
schools that are teaching in the old-fashioned way which was of benefit in the
beginning of the 1900s — but the needs are not the same, and we need something
fit for the 21st century.“
Instead of individual subjects,
students will study events and phenomena in an interdisciplinary format. For
example, the Second World War will be examined from the perspective of history,
geography, and math. And by taking the course ”Working in a Cafe,” students
will absorb a whole body of knowledge about the English language, economics,
and communication skills.
This system will be introduced
for senior students, beginning at the age of 16. The general idea is that the
students ought to choose for themselves which topic or phenomenon they want to
study, bearing in mind their ambitions for the future and their capabilities.
In this way, no student will have to pass through an entire course on physics
or chemistry while all the time thinking to themselves “What do I need to know
The traditional format of
teacher-pupil communication is also going to change. Students will no longer
sit behind school desks and wait anxiously to be called upon to answer a
question. Instead, they will work together in small groups to discuss problems.
The Finnish education system
encourages collective work, which is why the changes will also affect teachers.
The school reform will require a great deal of cooperation between teachers of
different subjects. Around 70% of teachers in Helsinki have already undertaken
preparatory work in line with the new system for presenting information, and,
as a result, they’ll get a pay increase.
The changes are expected to be complete by 2020.
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